Thursday, 16 February 2012

Ubuntu Change Hostname | Linux Change Hostname | Ubuntu Server Tips

Ubuntu Change Hostname

Not a necessity, but probably worth doing is the Ubuntu change hostname command. By default, an Ubuntu server will have a hostname which has probably been set by your unmanaged server host.

In my case, the hostname is a unique string of numbers. Whilst a unique name is good practice, it is not particularly helpful. For this reason, I am going to change my hostname to something more memorable. The main reason for an Ubuntu change hostname command is so that when you are using SSH, something more recognisable is displayed, so if you have a whole host of servers, you can quickly and easily make sure you are using the correct one.
In order to be safe I will first make a backup of the file responsible for the hostname ("hostname" oddly enough), as I am prone to typos. This makes the process a bit longer, but it also a good opportunity to try some different commands and that's always fun.
So the first command is to copy (cp ) the hostname file which is located in the etc directory so "sudo cp /etc/hostname /etc/hostname.old".
Then I can edit the hostname file to name my hostname to something more helpful. "sudo nano /etc/hostname"
I also need to change the "hosts" file, which follows the same steps: "sudo cp /etc/hosts /etc/hosts.old" and then "sudo nano /etc/hosts".
This hosts file however has a bit more structure to it, and is as follows: localhost.localdomain localhost hostname

So for my server, that will become: localhost.localdomain localhost randoof

All that's left is to reboot "sudo reboot".

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